Habermann, Avraham Meir
- (1901-80)Israeli bibliographer and scholar of medieval Hebrew literature. He was born in Galicia. After serving as librarian at the Schocken library in Berlin, he emigrated to Palestine in 1934, where he was director of the Schocken library in Jerusalem until 1967. From 1957 he taught medieval literature at Tel Aviv University and at the Graduate Library School of the Hebrew University. He wrote studies of Jewish bibliography, the history of Hebrew poetry, and medieval Hebrew poetry.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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POETRY — This article is arranged according to the following outline (for modern poetry, see hebrew literature , Modern; see also prosody ): biblical poetry introduction the search for identifiable indicators of biblical poetry the presence of poetry in… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
KABBALAH — This entry is arranged according to the following outline: introduction general notes terms used for kabbalah the historical development of the kabbalah the early beginnings of mysticism and esotericism apocalyptic esotericism and merkabah… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ḤASIDISM — ḤASIDISM, a popular religious movement giving rise to a pattern of communal life and leadership as well as a particular social outlook which emerged in Judaism and Jewry in the second half of the 18th century. Ecstasy, mass enthusiasm, close knit … Encyclopedia of Judaism
JERUSALEM — The entry is arranged according to the following outline: history name protohistory the bronze age david and first temple period second temple period the roman period byzantine jerusalem arab period crusader period mamluk period … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SHABBETAI ẒEVI — (1626–1676), the central figure of Shabbateanism, the messianic movement named after him. Background of the Movement Shabbateanism was the largest and most momentous messianic movement in Jewish history subsequent to the destruction of the Temple … Encyclopedia of Judaism
HAGGAHOT — (Heb. הַגָּהוֹת glosses ; corrections ), a term used both to mean the examination of manuscript and printed works in order to correct errors and in the sense of glosses, i.e., notes and brief comments on the text. This entry is arranged according … Encyclopedia of Judaism
PRINTING, HEBREW — pre modern period The first mention of Jews in connection with printing is found in Avignon c. 1444 (before Gutenberg) when a Jew, Davin de Caderousse, studied the new craft. The first Hebrew books were printed at least within 35 years after the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
THE MIDDLE AGES — … Encyclopedia of Judaism
YEẒIRAH, SEFER — (Heb. סֵפֶר יְצִירָה; the Book of Creation ), the earliest extant Hebrew text of systematic, speculative thought. Its brevity – no more than 1,600 words altogether even in its longer version – allied to its obscure and at the same time laconic… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BEKHOR SHOR, JOSEPH BEN ISAAC — (12th century), northern French exegete, tosafist, and poet. Referred to as Joseph Bekhor Shor, he has been identified with Joseph b. Isaac of Orleans, an identification which has been proved despite the doubts of various scholars. The… … Encyclopedia of Judaism